ELDs in the United States

ELDs in the United States

The United States ELD implementation will come in multiple phases but will not only affect trucks south of the border. Canadian companies need to be prepared for the upcoming compliance date in December 2017

On December 18th, 2017, the United States will implement Phase ll of their Electronic Logging Device (ELD) rule, which will require trucks and buses traveling in the US to utilize a Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) approved ELD or an Automatic On-Board Recording Device (AOBRD). Carriers who have an AOBRD installed in their vehicles prior to December 16th, 2017, will be grandfathered for an additional 2 years until December 16th, 2019, during which time they can continue to use the AOBRD. On December 16th, 2019, trucks and buses will require an FMCSA approved ELD and AOBRDs will need to be upgraded or replaced.

Who does the ELD rule apply to?

The ELD rule will apply to vehicles that must follow the Hours of Service (HOS) Regulations in the US (some exceptions will apply):

  • Trucks that weigh 10,001 pounds or more,
  • Trucks with a gross vehicle weight rating of 10,001 pounds or more,
  • Trucks and trailers with a combined gross vehicle weight rating of 10,001 pounds or more,
  • Trucks and trailers transporting Dangerous Goods in a quantity that requires placards.

The following drivers will be exempt from the ELD rule:

  • Drivers of vehicles manufactured before the model year 2000,
  • Drivers who operate under the short haul exemptions and do not need to complete a daily log (100 air-mile radius exemption). These drivers will continue to be exempt from the need to complete a paper daily log as well as the requirement to utilize an ELD.
  • In cases where a driver occasionally requires a full daily log, the driver may continue to use a paper log on those days, provided they do not require the log more than 8-days during a 30-day period.
  • Drivers of drive-away/tow-away operations.

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration website has the full details on the legislation.

  • A list of FAQ on ELDS can be found here
  • Further information for drivers and carriers can be found here.
  • The FMCSA ELD File Validator tool can be found here

The Canadian Trucking Alliance created a briefing note to educate Canadian carriers on how exactly the ELD legislation will affect operations. For a copy of this documents please contact Nicole Sinclair.

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