CVSA Releases 2022 International Roadcheck Results

Sep 21, 2022

Over the three days of the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance’s (CVSA) International Roadcheck commercial motor vehicle inspection and enforcement initiative, CVSA-certified inspectors conducted 59,026 inspections and placed 12,456 commercial motor vehicles and 3,714 commercial motor vehicle drivers out of service.

A commercial motor vehicle is placed out of service when an inspector finds critical vehicle inspection item out-of-service violations, which are outlined in CVSA’s North American Standard Out-of-Service Criteria, during a roadside inspection. Being placed out of service means the driver or vehicle is prohibited from operation for a specified period of time or until the violation is corrected.

This year, inspectors in Canada and the U.S. conducted 36,555 Level I Inspections and inspectors in Mexico conducted 1,150 Level V Inspections, for a combined total of 37,705 Level I and V Inspections. They placed 8,718 vehicles out of service, which is a 23.1% vehicle out-of-service rate for North America. Out of the 48,966 Level I and II Inspections conducted in Canada and the U.S., 11,181 vehicles were placed out of service, which is a 22.8% vehicle out-of-service rate, and 3,118 drivers were placed out of service, which is a 6.4% driver out-of-service rate.

That also means that 77.2% of the vehicles and 93.6% of the drivers inspected did not have out-of-service violations. Vehicles that do not have any critical vehicle inspection item violations, after a Level I or V Inspection, are eligible to receive a CVSA decal. The CVSA decal, valid for up to three consecutive months after inspection, is a visual indicator that signals to inspectors that the vehicle has “passed inspection.” Inspectors distributed 14,200 CVSA decals, which were placed on 10,135 power units, 3,876 trailers and 189 motorcoaches.

All Inspection Levels

On May 17-19, inspectors conducted a total of 58,287 North American Standard Inspections, which consisted of:

  • 36,555 Level I Inspections – This 37-step process checks the driver’s operating credentials and requirements and the vehicle’s mechanical fitness and regulatory compliance.
  • 12,411 Level II Inspections – This inspection involves reviewing the driver’s operating credentials and requirements and includes only vehicle inspection items that can be inspected without the inspector physically getting under the vehicle.
  • 8,171 Level III Inspections – This is the driver credentials and operating requirements inspection.
  • 1,150 Level V Inspections – This inspection involves vehicle inspection items and may be conducted without a driver present, at any location.

Level I Inspections

During International Roadcheck, inspectors in Canada and the U.S. primarily conduct the Level I Inspection, which is a comprehensive 37-step inspection process that involves thorough inspection of the vehicle (including underneath the vehicle) and the driver’s operating credentials.

  • Of the 36,555 Level I Inspections conducted in Canada and the U.S., 23.7% of the vehicles inspected (8,672) were placed out of service and 6.1% (2,242) of drivers were placed out of service.
  • In the U.S., of the 33,196 Level I Inspections were conducted, 7,912 commercial motor vehicles (23.8%) and 2,051 drivers (6.2%) were placed out of service.
  • In Canada, of the 3,359 Level I Inspections were conducted, 760 commercial motor vehicles (22.6%) and 191 (5.7%) drivers were placed out of service.

Level V Inspections

For International Roadcheck, inspectors in Mexico conducted 1,150 Level V Inspections. The Level V Inspection includes each of the vehicle inspection items specified under the North American Standard Level I Inspection and may be conducted without a driver present, at any location. Thirty-six commercial motor vehicles were placed out of service, which is a 3.1% out-of-service rate.

Vehicle Violations

Table 1: Top Five Vehicle Out-of-Service Violations Combined (Canada, Mexico and the U.S.)

Violation Category

# of OOS Vehicle Violations

% of OOS Vehicle Violations

Brake Systems

4,592

25.2%

Tires

3,374

18.5%

Defective Service Brakes

2,309

12.7%

Lights

2,219

12.2%

Cargo Securement

1,934

10.6%

 

Table 2: Top Five Vehicle OOS Violations – U.S.

Violation Category

# of OOS Vehicle Violations

% of OOS Vehicle Violations

Brake Systems

3,992

24.0%

Tires

3,227

19.4%

Defective Service Brakes

2,142

12.9%

Lights

2,084

12.5%

Cargo Securement

1,647

9.9%

 

Table 3: Top Five Vehicle OOS Violations – Canada

Violation Category

# of OOS Vehicle Violations

% of OOS Vehicle Violations

Brake Systems

588

38.0%

Cargo Securement

287

18.6%

Defective Service Brakes

161

10.4%

Lights

133

8.6%

Tires

126

8.2%

 

Table 4: Top Five Vehicle OOS Violations – Mexico

Violation Category

# of OOS Vehicle Violations

% of OOS Vehicle Violations

Tires

21

45.7%

Brake Systems

12

26.1%

Defective Service Brakes

6

13.0%

Wheels

4

8.7%

Lights

2

4.3%

Driver Out-of-Service Violations

Table 5: Top Five Driver Out-of-Service Violations – Combined (Canada and the U.S.)

Violation Category

# of OOS Driver Violations

% of OOS Driver Violations

False Logs

1,921

42.6%

Wrong Class License

1,066

23.6%

Hours of Service

367

8.1%

Suspended License

260

5.8%

No Medical Card

222

4.9%

 

Table 6: Top Five Driver OOS Violations – U.S.

Violation Category

# of OOS Driver Violations

% of OOS Driver Violations

False Logs

1,901

45.0%

Wrong Class License

1,045

24.7%

Suspended License

251

5.9%

No Medical Card

222

5.3%

Other

205

4.9%

 

Table 7: Top Five Driver OOS Violations – Canada

Violation Category

# of OOS Driver Violations

% of OOS Driver Violations

Hours of Service

219

76.3%

Wrong Class License

21

7.3%

False Logs

20

7.0%

Suspended License

9

3.1%

Violation License Restriction (tied)

6

2.1%

Drugs (tied)

6

2.1%

 

HM/DG Out-of-Service Violations

Table 8: HM/DG OOS Violations – Combined (Canada and the U.S.)

Violation Category

# of OOS HM/DG Violations

% of OOS HM/DG Violations

Loading

95

35.1%

Placards

57

21.0%

Shipping Papers

42

15.5%

Package Integrity

35

12.9%

Training Certification

16

5.9%

 

 Table 9: HM/DG OOS Violations – U.S.

Violation Category

# of OOS HM/DG Violations

% of OOS HM/DG Violations

Loading

91

40.4%

Placards

48

21.3%

Package Integrity

35

15.6%

Shipping Papers

31

13.8%

Other HM

14

6.2%

 

Table 10: HM/DG OOS Violations – Canada

Violation Category

# of OOS HM/DG Violations

% of OOS HM/DG  Violations

Training Certification

16

34.8%

Shipping Papers

11

23.9%

Placards

9

19.6%

Loading

4

8.7%

Bulk Package (tied)

3

6.5%

Markings (tied)

3

6.5%

 

Focus Area – Wheel Ends

Each year, CVSA highlights a certain aspect of the roadside inspection. This year, the focus was on wheel ends. Out of the top 10 vehicle out-of-service violations, tires ranked second and wheels came in seventh. Of the 18,213 total vehicle out-of-service violations, there were 3,374 tire out-of-service violations, accounting for 18.5% of all vehicle out-of-service violations, and there were 784 wheel out-of-service violations, which is 4.3% of all vehicle out-of-service violations. Combined, wheel end (tire and wheel) violations accounted for 22.8% of all out-of-service vehicle violations throughout North America.

 

Table 11: Tire and Wheel OOS Vehicle Violations

Country

Violation Category

# of OOS Violations

% of OOS Violations

North America

Tires

3,374

18.5%

U.S.

Tires

3,227

19.4%

Canada

Tires

126

8.2%

Mexico

Tires

21

45.7%

North America

Wheels

784

4.3%

U.S.

Wheels

721

4.3%

Canada

Wheels

59

3.8%

Mexico

Wheels

4

8.7%

Motorcoaches, Buses, Passenger Vans and Other Passenger-Carrying Vehicles

 During this year’s International Roadcheck, inspectors completed 206 Level I motorcoaches/bus inspections where 13 drivers (6.3%) and 21 commercial motor vehicles (10.2%) were placed out of service. During a Level I Inspection of buses, motorcoaches, passenger vans or other passenger-carrying vehicles, in addition to inspecting the vehicle’s components and the driver’s operating credentials, inspectors also inspect emergency exits, seating, and electrical cables and systems in engine and battery compartments.

Seatbelt Usage

Last year, there were more than 50,000 “failure to use a seatbelt while operating a commercial motor vehicle” driver violations, according to the U.S. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration’s (FMCSA) Motor Carrier Management Information System. It was the fourth most-cited driver violation in 2021, accounting for 4.99% of the total number of driver violations. During the three days of International Roadcheck, inspectors checked safety belt usage during inspections and identified 472 seatbelt violations.

Since its inception in 1988, more than 1.8 million roadside inspections have been conducted during International Roadcheck campaigns. International Roadcheck is a CVSA program with participation by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators, Transport Canada, and Mexico’s Ministry of Communications and Transportation and the National Guard.

View International Roadcheck results from previous years.

2022 Spring Edition

News, Profiles and Reports on Western Canada's Trucking Industry

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